Volleyball Rules are the rules for volleyball played internationally and is the backbone of all other volleyball organizations.
The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) is the international governing body for the sport of volleyball and publishes rules for the game. U.S. collegiate and college-age play is often covered by the volleyball rulebook of the NCAA; and U.S. high school and high school-age volleyball is governed by the NFHS rules.
Professional Leagues, both indoor and on the beach, all play under slightly modified versions of the official FIVB rules.
For the rules to be applied correctly, the functions of the rules must be known. Generally speaking, the rules as a whole have the following functions:
* The rules give the characteristics of the game and differentiate volleyball from other sports.
* The rules stipulate the conditions; facilities and equipment of the game, the court surface and measurements, the regulations of the net and the balls, etc.
* The rules regulate the number of people allowed to participant, the number of players in play and their positions, rotational order, etc.
* The rules set up the methods of play, how to keep the ball in play, the crossing space, and how to win a point, a set, and a match.
* Many of the rules give the clear definition and distinct differentiation of the proper techniques from improper and illegal techniques. These rules, under the category of techniques, are the rules which need to be studied and clarified very definitely by the referees for their correct enforcement.
* All the rules concerning court, facilities and equipment, techniques or even conduct are equal for all the players of both teams. This is a very critical point for referees. If the enforcement of the rules is different for one team than another that are playing, even if it is not intentionally applied by the referee, it will be unfair. So, accuracy in understanding and enforcement of the rules is the basic element of fairness and justice.
* To have Sportsmanlike Conduct is a basic behavioral objective for athletes in all kinds of sports. The Participants' Conduct section, is stated especially for this purpose.